We provide both complete (5 stage) and limited (2 stage) pre-purchase examinations.

STAGE 1 - Preliminary examination

STAGE 2 - Walk and trot, in hand 

STAGE 3 - Exercise phase

STAGE 4 - Period of rest and re-examination

STAGE 5 - Second trot up 

This is a thorough external examination of the animal at rest using visual observation, palpation and manipulation to detect clinically apparent signs of injury, disease or physical abnormality. It includes an examination of the incisor teeth, a thorough examination of the horse's eye in a darkened area and auscultation of the horse's heart and lungs at rest.

Examination of the eyes does not include dilating the pupil but should include examination of internal and external structures.

The examination does not include examination of the inside the prepuce (sheath), a detailed mouth examination with a speculum, a height measurement or any examination for pregnancy.

The animal is walked and then trotted in hand to detect abnormalities of gait and action. Ideally this is carried out on firm, level ground. The horse is turned sharply each way and is backed for a few paces. Flexion tests of all four limbs and trotting in a circle on a firm surface may be carried out if the examining veterinary surgeon considers it safe and appropriate to do so.

The horse is usually ridden and given sufficient exercise to: 

1.Allow assessment of the horse when it has an increased breathing effort and an increased heart rate.

2. Allow assessment of the horse's gait at walk, trot, canter and if appropriate, gallop. 

3. Allow assessment of the horse for the purpose of stage five. 

If ridden exercise is not possible for any reason then this stage may be conducted by exercising the horse on a lunge, but this fact should be made clear to the purchaser and on the certificate. 

The horse is allowed to stand quietly for a period. During this time the respiratory and cardiovascular systems may be monitored as they return to their resting levels. 

The animal is trotted in hand again to look for any signs of strains or injuries made evident by the exercise and rest stages.